Problem – Solutions essays: Water shortages
“Water shortage is becoming a problem for the Middle East.” Discuss this problem and suggest some solutions.”
We need water to live. When there is a water shortage, there is a serious problem. This problem is now facing many countries in the Middle East.
The main reason for this problem is the growing population in the region. This means there are more demands on the water supply. For example, more land is used to supply food and so more water is needed for irrigation. Some of this water comes from desalination plants, but some comes from underground reserves. These resources are difficult to replace, as little rain falls in this region. An additional problem is water pollution. With increased industrialisation comes the increased use of chemicals. Another reason for water shortage is that as countries become richer people use more and more in their homes. For instance, people like to bath or shower every day.
One solution is to make more water available. This can be done by building more desalination plants. However, this is very expensive and some countries could not afford to do this. Another possibility is to educate people so they do not waste water. Another solution is to protect existing water supplies like underground supplies and take steps to prevent them becoming polluted. Also, recycled water could be used for irrigating farms.
These are some ideas to help solve the problem. Saying that, it is essential that everyone must become involved, including governments, if a lasting solution is going to be found. Otherwise, the problem could become a disaster.